The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind by William Kamkwamba

William Kamkwamba’s own story of his efforts to bring reliable electrical power to his impoverished African village makes fascinating reading, especially for mechanically-minded middle-graders.

The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind (Young Reader edition) by William Kamkwamba and Bryan Mealer. Dial, 2015. 292 pages

Reading Level: Middle Grades, ages 10-12harness-the-wind
Recommended for: ages 10-up, especially boys

My name is William Kamkwamba, and to understand the story I’m about to tell, you must first understand the country that raised me. This would be Malawi, a small country located in southwestern Africa, and a village of about ten houses made from mud bricks. William describes his home in loving detail, but even more interesting is the worldview that surrounded him. Superstition blended with practical necessity and well-constructed cons by self-proclaimed witch doctors. As a young boy William fell prey to some of these, but fortunately for him, his father was a Christian. “Respect the wizards,” Papa advised, “But remember, William, with God on your side, they have no power against you.”

Though free from the wizards, William and his neighbors were still prey to poverty, and the most harrowing chapters of this book deal with the devastating drought and famine of the mid-nineties, during which many of his neighbors died. Even after the danger was past, William’s family had no money for school fees, and his lively brain thirsted for a project. Fortunately again, a small library had opened in the local primary school, consisting of books donated by the American government. Here William discovered his passion for science, especially electrical engineering. He discovered that electricity could be generated by wind or water power. His village had no shortage of wind. What if he could build a windmill?

The narrative focuses on his self-motivated efforts to learn the theory and figure out the practice. Mechanically-minded readers will love this part: how trial and error, an old bicycle and an odd collection of parts from the junkyard led to eventual success. We know from the prologue that success occurred, but the way there included failures and potential disaster. William gives no clear declaration of his own faith and parents may want to screen out the numerous misuses of God’s name that pop up, especially in the second half. But William also gives praise to God for the blessings that came his way, with which he was able to bless others. This Young Reader edition, based on the original version for adults, is engaging and readable. It’s the kind of alternate-culture story that unified as well as enlightens—diversity at its best.

Cautions: Language (several instances of “Oh God,” and “by God”)

Overall Rating: 4.5 (out of 5)

  • Worldview/moral Value: 4
  • Artistic Value: 5

Categories: Middle Grades, Nonfiction, Multicultural, Character Qualities, Life Issues

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Janie is the VERY senior staff writer for Redeemed Reader, as well as a long-time contributor to WORLD Magazine and an author of nine books for children. The rest of the time she's long-distance smooching on her four grandchildren (not an easy task). She lives with her equally senior husband of almost-fifty years in the Ozarks of Missouri.


  1. Beth on July 7, 2015 at 4:21 pm

    I loved this book so much (read it a couple years ago), I bought it for my dad for father’s day. My dad was a lot like William as a boy; making something important from nothing. Your review is spot-on! Thanks!

  2. Cheryl on July 8, 2015 at 8:25 am

    “Mechanically-minded” describes one of my readers. This one’s not available in my library. If you are able to attach a widget for this book, I would be delighted to know you were receiving some of the purchase amount.

  3. Janie on July 8, 2015 at 10:23 am

    Cheryl, you’ve got it! thanks for ordering through us!

  4. Beth on June 21, 2020 at 12:14 pm

    Hi, do you know what the differences are between the young readers edition and the original? I am considering getting the original for my son. Do you know if there is any inappropriate material?

    • Janie on June 22, 2020 at 5:36 am

      I’m afraid I don’t. The village that William grew up in contained both Christians and animists, so there might have been some shamanistic practices in the original version that might be a bit cringy. Other than that, I wouldn’t think there would be too much inappropriate material.

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